Maria Lucia Madariaga, Henning A. Gaissert

Key Points

  • Both the open and percutaneous surgical techniques permit safe performance of tracheostomy. A low complication rate depends on close attention to surgical detail and adherence to existing protocols for tracheostomy care to limit the tracheal injury caused by tracheostomy tubes.
  • The available evidence suggests that early tracheostomy (within 7 days after intubation) for mechanical ventilation lowers the risk of laryngeal injury and is associated with a shorter duration of mechanical ventilation and a reduced length of stay in an intensive care unit.

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Last updated: October 18, 2022