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Cardiac Tumors

Terry Shih, Bo Yang, Richard L. Prager
Cardiac Tumors is a topic covered in the Adult and Pediatric Cardiac.

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STS Cardiothoracic Surgery E-Book from The Society of Thoracic Surgeons provides expert guidance for Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery. Sections include Pearson’s General Thoracic, Esphageal, Adult Cardiac, and Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery. Explore these free sample topics:

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Historical Background

The first description of a cardiac tumor as an anatomic finding was by Realdo Columbus in Padua, Italy, in 1559.[1] In 1931, Yates established a classification system similar to what is in use today in a report on 9 cases of primary tumors from pathologic examination.[2] The first antemortem diagnosis of a cardiac tumor was made by Barnes in 1934.[3] Using electrocardiography and biopsy of a metastatic lymph node, he was able to establish the diagnosis of a cardiac sarcoma.

The first surgical treatment of a cardiac neoplasm was performed by Beck in 1936, with successful removal of a teratoma on the external surface of the right ventricle.[4] Bahnson is credited with the first removal of a right atrial myxoma performed with inflow occlusion; however, the patient died (postoperative) on day 24.[5] The advent of cardiopulmonary bypass by John Gibbon in 1953 and the addition of cardiac echocardiography greatly augmented the treatment for cardiac tumors. Resections of left-sided intracardiac tumors were first described by Craaford in Sweden in 1954.[6] By 1964, removal of 60 intracardiac neoplasms had been reported.

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Historical Background

The first description of a cardiac tumor as an anatomic finding was by Realdo Columbus in Padua, Italy, in 1559.[1] In 1931, Yates established a classification system similar to what is in use today in a report on 9 cases of primary tumors from pathologic examination.[2] The first antemortem diagnosis of a cardiac tumor was made by Barnes in 1934.[3] Using electrocardiography and biopsy of a metastatic lymph node, he was able to establish the diagnosis of a cardiac sarcoma.

The first surgical treatment of a cardiac neoplasm was performed by Beck in 1936, with successful removal of a teratoma on the external surface of the right ventricle.[4] Bahnson is credited with the first removal of a right atrial myxoma performed with inflow occlusion; however, the patient died (postoperative) on day 24.[5] The advent of cardiopulmonary bypass by John Gibbon in 1953 and the addition of cardiac echocardiography greatly augmented the treatment for cardiac tumors. Resections of left-sided intracardiac tumors were first described by Craaford in Sweden in 1954.[6] By 1964, removal of 60 intracardiac neoplasms had been reported.

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Last updated: September 14, 2020