Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with CPB

Bartholomew Simon, MD, George L. Hicks, Jr, MD, Sunil Prasad, MD


The development and expansion of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in the United States occured in parallel with three major advances between the 1950s and late 1960s: (1) the development of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); (2) the mastery of surgical anastomotic techniques; and (3) the ability to harvest suitable conduits for CABG.

In this chapter, the reader should assimilate the following:

  • History of CPB as it relates to CABG
  • Indications for CABG and studies of its effectiveness compared with percutaneous catheter intervention (PCI) or medical management
  • On-pump techniques
  • Choice of conduits for coronary revascularization
  • Operative complications

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Last updated: August 23, 2023